Transboundary European Regionalisation in Russia and Eastern Partnership: European Dimension and Environmental Drivers

TERRA
ERASMUS+, JEAN MONNET PROJECT
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Project name: Transboundary European Regionalisation in Russia and Eastern Partnership: European Dimension and Environmental Drivers / TERRA (611949-EPP-1-2019-1-RU-EPPJMO-PROJECT)

Project duration: 01.09.2019 – 31.08.2021

Project financing:
Erasmus+, Jean Monnet project

Project budget:
Total budget – 79 979,0 EURO
Program grant – 59 984,25 EURO
Co-financing – 19 994,75 EURO
Название проекта: Трансграничная Европейская регионализация в России и странах Восточного партнерства: европейское измерение и экологические драйверы

Даты реализации проекта: 01.09.2019 – 31.08.2021

Финансирование проекта: Erasmus+, Jean Monnet project

Бюджет проекта:
Общая сумма – 79 979,0 Евро
Сумма гранта – 59 984,25 Евро
Со-финансирование – 19 994,75 Евро
Project description
Activities:

The EU attaches a lot of importance to transborder cooperation initiatives, with transboundary regions seen as a key policy instrument for supporting sustainable development along the EU frontier. As such, transboundary regions entail a lot more than just a policy tool. Policies may act as an important driver of regionalisation, however the regions itself result from longer historical processes and from top-down dynamics. Fit and interplays between these drivers and EU policies & governance frameworks have been greatly unexplored as yet, although they represent an important dimension of the success of EU neighbourhood policy going much beyond routinely performed impact studies. To address this gap in EU studies, this cross-fertilisation project explores various types and scales of environmental and nature recourse-based regionalisation on the interface with Belarus and North-West Russia (also partners countries - PCs), with a focus on institutions of multilevel governance & legacies in governance & socio-ecological systems. We recognise that PCs are the only EU neighbours on the East without any ambitions for EU integration and, therefore, EU policy instruments are weaker there than elsewhere along the border. At the same time, Baltic and Nordic cooperation are prioritised by the EU, as underpinned by a range of institutions created to foster them, including the Northern Dimension, and the EU Baltic Sea Region and Arctic strategies.
The following case studies will be explored to understand, what is the role of EU institutions (including ones endorsed by the EU) in regionalisation dynamics, and how EU objectives are visible and persistent:

  1. "Urban Arctic": most of population in Arctic NW RU and Northern Calotte dwells in cities, and regionalisation processes there are essentially urban-centric. An additional research focus will be on the transferability of policy, management and technology innovation (e.g. on the development of "smart cities") from Northern Calotte to Russian cities, and the role of EU-driven institutions.
  2. "Great Bielaveža Forest": this is an example of bioregionalisation that emerged building on a conservation agenda; an additional focus will be on the objectives of EU biodiversity governance.
  3. "Great Setomaa": this region located in EE and RU was historically inhabited by Seto people recognised as an ethnic minority in both countries; we also recognise that Russia has its own neighbourhood policy as well as the EU; its interference with EU-promoted mechanisms (also recognising that Russia negotiated a specific arrangement, which is different from a standard offer.
In its broader set of objectives, building on the outcomes of previously implemented EU projects, TERRA will:
  • Consolidate research & praxis expertise in EU studies at PSU, other partner institutions, and broader PC academic and praxis communities;
  • Promote the PSU group as a centre of excellence in EU studies;
  • Create knowledge co-production opportunities for stakeholder groups in the region to encourage their involvement in curriculum development & research;
  • Enhance the teaching & research portfolio of TERRA members by developing courses for MSc programs; develop & strengthen their networks.
The project activities will include 3 academia-praxis workshops, one for each case study. An International summer school will bring together the outcomes of the workshops (with a focus on the Arctic one) and integrate them to a curriculum that will be further used for teaching in partner HEIs and disseminated further (total 2 ECTS of contents). The e-learning platform will be created. It will be Moodle based, and it will include a password-free section, with all the open-access project materials published and project-relevant information posted, a section accessible with guest credentials, and a section with restrained access limited only to the students and faculty (http://do.pskgu.ru/). The workshops will be accompanied by roundtable talks bringing together practitioners from PCs & the EU & NO. To ensure international dissemination, the workshops will aim at producing one peer-reviewed publication each.

Another deliverables will include a project brief targeting PC practitioners. All the project outputs will be made available as open educational resources from PSU e-learning system.

Мероприятия

Цель проекта – изучение роли ЕС в процессах трансграничной регионализации в России и Беларуси, с учетом экологических драйверов данного процесса.

Чтобы понять движущие силы и результаты процессов регионализации, проект будет направлен на изучение следующих случаев, которые существенно отличаются по масштабам (от локального до глобального), наличию измерения ЕС (от непосредственного присутствия в третьем случае до того, чтобы быть источником хороших практик во втором и активного стремления к определенному присутствию в первом), а также ключевым движущим силам или источникам процесса регионализации:

  • "Urban Arctic / Города в Арктике". Большая часть населения арктической части Cеверо-запада РФ и Cеверного сегмента проживают в городах, и процессы регионализации в значительной мере являются городо-центричными. Исследовательский фокус будет сделан на применимость политических, управленческих и технологических инноваций Северного сегмента в городах РФ и роли европейских институтов в этом процессе.
  • "Great Bielaveža Forest / Великий Беловежский лес", пример биорегионализации, который связан с взаимодействием в области охраны природы, дополнительный фокус – на цели европейского управления биоразнообразием.
  • "Great Setomaa / Земля Сету", регион, расположенный на границе Эстонии и РФ и исторически населенный народом Сету, который признан этническим меньшинством в обеих странах. Исследовательский фокус - политики соседства РФ и ЕС.

Более широкий спектр целей проекта TERRA, основанный на результатах ранее реализованных мероприятий и проектов, будет направлен на:

  • консолидацию исследовательской и практической экспертизы в европеистике, имеющейся в ПсковГУ, других вузах-партнерах и более широкой академической и практической среде;
  • создание условий для обмена мнениями, опытом и знаниями между различными группами заинтересованных лиц, способствование их вовлечению в разработку образовательных программ и проведение исследований;
  • усиление образовательного и исследовательского портфолио сотрудников вузов-партнеров – исполнителей проекта путем разработки совместных магистерских дисциплин и проведения совместных исследований.

Учебные материалы


Проектные мероприятия будут включать 3 научно-практических семинара (по каждой из предложенных тем) и летнюю школу. Материалы семинаров будут использованы при разработке образовательного контента для студентов вузов-партнеров. Разработанные в рамках проекта учебные материалы будут апробированы в качестве модулей учебных дисциплин, реализуемых вузами-партнерами и на летней школе. Все учебные материалы будут размещены на on-line платформе ПсковГУ (http://do.pskgu.ru/).

Научные исследования

Проект предполагает проведение совместных научных исследований по изучению процессов трансграничной регионализации и публикацию их результатов в международных и национальных научных журналах.
Events
TERRA workshop 1

Urban Arctic regionalisation: drivers, dynamics and directions for sustainability of urban communities
Most of population in Arctic NW RU and Northern Calotte dwells in cities, and regionalisation processes there are essentially urban-centric. The development paths of cities in the NW Russia's Arctice and Northern Calotte are distinctively different: while many urban communities in Russia serve polluting industries and experience grave environmental problems, urban communities of Northern Calotte choose to develop of smart cities with low to moderate footprints on the environment. A number of attempts for transfer of innovation from West to East took place recently, however the success was mixed. The aim of the workshop is to discuss transborder regionalisation processes in the Arctic as a context for the transfer and transferability of policy, management and technology innovation, and the role of EU and EU-driven institutions.
TERRA workshop 2

Setomaa in Estonia, Russia and the EU – regionalisaton drivers and barriers
Setomaa is located in Estonia and Russia, south to Lake Peipus, and historically it was inhabited by Seto people recognised as an ethnic minority in both countries; another regionalisation driver is transboundary Peipus Lake, as the whole of Setomaa lies within its watershed, and it represents a valuable ecosystem and resource for livelihoods, and is a subject to intergovernmental institutional arrangements. We recognise that Russia has its own neighbourhood policy as well as the EU, although it is less institutionalised and more situational; its interference with EU-promoted mechanisms (also recognising that Russia negotiated a specific arrangement, which is different from a standard offer) will be a central topic to be explored on the workshop. Another important topic is how interests and rights of Seto people (including resource rights) and quality of ecosystems are protected on both sides of borders and accounted for in national policy frameworks; here the objectives of the EU, Estonia and Russia can be situationally divergent, and we will therefore discuss this as conditions for well-being of Seto people and quality of transboundary water bodies.
TERRA workshop 3

Multilevel Environmental Governance for the Bielaveža Forest
This is an example of bioregionalisation that clearly emerged building on a conservation agenda; in its core is the historical Bielaveža Forest in Belarus and Poland, which is important in terms of landscape and species diversity, but also as a tourist attraction. Usually suspicious about transboundary developments, Belarus was willing to open the border within Bielaveža National Park for visitors with EU passports, and welcomed all sorts of initiatives concerned with transboundary biodiversity management. The transboundary region emerging around the Bielaveža Forest is an interesting example of both intensive people-to-people relations and relaxed approach by the government, which is rather stern otherwise. Another interesting issue is the contrast between good progress towards ambitious biodiversity conservative objectives demonstrated in Belarus and numerous problems with the conservation of Bielaveža Forest in Poland. This will be the contexts for the discussions of emerging multilevel natural resource governance in the Bielaveža Forest Region, the overall regionalisation dynamics, and a role of growing tourism and intensive people-to-people relations.
The core team
Olga Likhacheva, Pskov State University
Project Coordinator
Anton Shkaruba, Estonian University of Life Sciences
Academic Director
Kalev Sepp, Estonian University of Life Sciences
Aleksandr Sergunin, Saint-Petersburg State University
Viktar Kireyeu, ERDA. Research. Tecnology. Education
Nilkolay Bobylev, Saint-Petersburg State University
Andrey Manakov, Pskov State University
Tatiana Vasileva, Pskov State University
Krzysztof Niedzialkowski, Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences
Hanna Skryhan, Belarusian-Russian University
Mart Külvik, Estonian University of Life Sciences
Aleksandra Burtseva, Murmansk Arctic State University
DISSEMINATION MATERIALS
Contact us
+7 8112 72-04-13
grass.jeanmonnet@gmail.com
Sovetskaya st., 21, Pskov, Russia
The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute endorsement of the contents which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein